SpaceShipOne Wins the Ansari X Prize太空船一號贏得安薩里X獎

 |2004.12.12
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 SpaceShipOne, the first spacecraft1 to be built and flown by private citizens, made history in early October. The spacecraft landed in California after climbing into the Earth's atmosphere2 for the second time in 14 days. The successful launches3 into space and smooth4  landings5 on Earth made SpaceShipOne the winner of the $10 million Ansari X Prize.

太空船一號是頭一艘民間私人製造及駕駛的太空船,於十月初締造了歷史。這艘太空船在十四天之內升上地球大氣層兩次之後降落在加州。太空船一號成功進入太空及平穩降落,奪得了一千萬美元的安薩里X獎。

The Ansari X Prize was created to promote private tourism6 in space. People competing7 for the prize tried to build and send the first privately paid-for and operated spacecraft into sub-orbital space. To win, contestants8 had to fly to an altitude9 of 100 kilometers,10 on two trips, in two weeks. More than 20 teams from around the world entered to win.
 安薩里X獎設立的目的是要提升民間的太空觀光業。競爭這個獎的人試圖建造第一艘私人出資營運的太空船,並把它送上太空的次軌道。要得獎,競爭者必須在兩週內兩趟都飛到一百公里的高度。全球有超過二十個團隊參賽。

Burt Rutan, an American aerospace engineer, spent about seven years designing the winning spacecraft. SpaceShipOne's pilot11 Brian Binnie said the flight was a fantastic12 experience. The second flight went smoother than the first, which rolled unexpectedly during ascent.13

美國航太工程師伯特魯坦花了大約七年設計這艘得獎的太空船。太空船一號的飛行員布萊恩比尼表示,這趟飛行是「極美好的體驗」。第二次飛行比第一次平穩,第一次在上升時出乎意外地發生翻滾。

Space enthusiasts14 hope that this prize will have the same effect on space travel that a similar contest15 had on airplane travel more than 80 years ago. In 1927, Charles Lindbergh claimed16 the $25,000 Orteig Prize when he became the first person to fly solo17 across the Atlantic Ocean.

太空迷希望這個獎項對於太空旅行,可以產生像八十多年前一次類似的競賽對飛機旅行產生的同樣效果。一九二七年,查爾斯林白成為頭一位單人駕機橫越大西洋的人,拿下了二萬五千美元的奧泰格獎。

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