雞同鴨講

 |2012.04.15
2168觀看次
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猜謎Riddles

1. what invention lets you look right through the wall?

2. What two keys can't open any doors?

3. What is as big as an elephant, but weights nothing at all?

4. What is higher without a head than with a head?

5. If you threw a white stone into the Red Sea, what would it become?

6. What English verb becomes its own past tense by rearranging its own letters ?



提要

還有不到一百天就放暑假了,有些人考完後會跟家人出國,或在國內旅遊增廣見聞;即使哪兒也不去,在雜貨店買東西,也可能遇見來自不同國家、有著不同文化習慣的人,彼此溝通時,就可能會雞同鴨講!

舉例來說,如果西方人拿了一件商品問老闆:「How much is this?」而且聽不懂老闆說的:「十元」;你幫忙翻譯時,可千萬不要兩根食指交叉跟他比一個「十」,因為那對他來說不是「ten」,而是一個加號 。

Usually, when you're not on the same page as someone else, you will try to find ways to solve the culture shock, and a middle place to accomplish a shared goal.

Culture shock means the impact you may feel when you enter a culture very different from one to which you are accustomed. It is common among immigrants and foreign students. No matter how well you are prepared, there are many things in a culture that you cannot find in books.

It's simply a common way to describe the confusing and nervous feelings a person may have after leaving a familiar culture to live in a new and different culture. When you move to a new place, you're bound to face a lot of changes. That can be exciting and stimulating, but it can also be overwhelming. You may feel sad, anxious, frustrated, and want to go home.

Your environment isn't just the air you breathe and the food you eat, though; a big part of your environment is culture. Culture is made up of the common things that members of a community learn from family, friends, media, literature, and even strangers. These are the things that influence how they look, act, and communicate. Often, you don't even know you're learning these things because they become second-nature to you .

解說

當你跟其他人溝通不良的時候,你會試圖解決「文化衝擊」、找到一個中間地帶達成共識。

文化衝擊是指當你進入一個陌生的地方,因文化與生活習慣的極度不同而產生的震撼。這種震撼常見於移民和留學生。而且,無論你準備得如何充分,不同的文化中有很多事情,在書本上也學不到。

離開熟悉的一切,到一個完全不同的地方生活,必然會有混亂和緊張的感受。在新的地方,註定要面對巨大的變化。這種變化可以令人興奮和刺激,但你也可能會感到悲傷、焦慮、沮喪,很想回家。

你周遭的環境不只是你正在呼吸的空氣、吃的食物,文化也很重要。你可以向家人、朋友、媒體、文學作品,甚至陌生人學習當地的生活方式。慢慢的,當你習以為常,就代表已經融入了新的環境。

看完以上的解說,再回去讀一次上面的文字,你會發現,其實自己看得懂大部分喔。

另外,對西方人比「十」這個數字,要把雙手十指比給他看;向他比「二十」這個數字時,也不必脫襪子、手指腳趾一起show給他看,只要雙手手掌正反面各比一次,他就會恍然大悟:「喔,twenty!」



解答Riddles

1. what invention lets you look right through the wall? 什麼發明讓你可以看穿牆壁?

答案是窗子(A window)



2. What two keys can't open any doors?

兩個有 keys的字,或是兩把鑰匙,在英文字裡都是「 two keys 」 Donkey(驢子)與 Monkey(猴子)字裡都有 key,可是都打不開門。

答案是(A Donkey, and a Monkey)



3. What is as big as an elephant, but weights nothing at all? 什麼東西像大象一般重,但是卻一點重量也沒有?

答案是大象的影子(The shadow of an elephant )



4. What is higher without a head than with a head?

什麼東西有頭的時候比較矮,沒頭的時候比較高?

把頭枕在枕頭上面的時候,會把枕頭壓扁,起床之後枕頭恢復彈性,所以就高了些。

答案是枕頭(A pillow)



5. If you threw a white stone into the Red Sea, what would it become?

如果你將白石頭扔進紅海,石頭會變成什麼樣?

Red Sea 字首都是大寫,表示是名詞,無論如何都不會將白石染色。所以白石頭只會變「溼」(wet)。



6. What English verb becomes its own past tense by rearranging its own letters? 哪一個英文字將字母重組之後,會變成自己的過去式?

答案是(eat)eat 的過去式是ate,就是將eat重組(rearrange)後的同樣三個字母。



The victory sign
台灣人拍照時最愛比這個勝利手勢(The victory sign),到國外旅行,看到人人比個「v」,走上前去相認同胞就對了。但是,並不是處處都能這麼比喔。

曾任美國總統的老布希,有一次訪問澳洲的時候也比了這個勝利手勢,結果造成困擾!

老布希並不是故意冒犯當地原住民,而是文化差異(culture shock)。因為澳洲人雖然也講英文,但這個v字型在澳洲原住民來說,卻是一種鄙視和扯上性行為的連結(如同比中指!)使得當地原住民對老布希總統表示「非常不歡迎」!



WOW!原來如此

Not on the same page
中文形容溝通不良,叫做「雞同鴨講」,但是用英文可不能說chicken talking to ducks, 而是比較含蓄的 We are not on the same page. 也就是說彼此的認知有落差,不在同一頁上。
西方人強調獨立自主,有時見到一個人袋子破了、東西散了一地,我們也不可以冒然幫他撿拾,必須先問他:「may I help you?」(我可以幫你嗎?)否則,有時一番好意還會惹來白眼。

Overwhelming
解釋為鋪天蓋地、排山倒海 、勢不可擋。
You may feel sad, anxious, frustrated, and want to go home.
當你感到悲傷、焦慮、沮喪,這種情緒的確會如同鋪天蓋地般地湧來,像要把自己淹沒般的強烈。因為熟悉的一切都變了,有些留學生或遊學生,會因此而放棄跑回家。

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